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American Educator
Winter 1993-1994


Table of Contents

Everyday School Violence: How Disorder Fuels It
By Jackson Toby

Before there is violence, there is disorder. And behind the disorder are broad social developments that have reduced the effectiveness of adult controls over students. What can be done?

Defining Deviancy Down
By Daniel Patrick Moynihan

In 1929, the St. Valentine's Day Massacre—in which seven gangsters were killed—shocked the nation and merited two entries in the World Book Encyclopedia. Today, such slaughter—routinely recorded and forgotten—is part of a normal weekend in any big city. To what have we become accustomed?

Getting Carried Away with History
By Marcia Reecer

For years, science students have had science fairs and the Westinghouse competition to encourage and showcase their achievements. Now there's a lively new journal—The Concord Review—in which history students can publish their best work. But if it's going to survive, it needs our support—ASAP.

Giving Their Best
By Douglas J. Mac Iver and David A. Reuman

The most commonly used approaches to grading fail to apply what we know about how to motivate people to work hard. The authors describe two provocative new programs that give kids strong incentives to do their best.

Make Reading a Family Affair

The AFT/Chrysler Learning Connection will award $1,000 grants to 100 schools that have the best ideas for getting parents and their kids involved in reading. And the AFT and the U.S. Department of Education have published a new booklet chock full of great ideas for parents. Here's the scoop on both of these initiatives, plus 10 pages you can reproduce to give to parents.

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About American Educator

American Educator is a quarterly journal of educational research and ideas published by the American Federation of Teachers. Recent articles have focused on such topics as reducing the achievement gap between poor and affluent students, heading off student discipline problems, teaching an appreciation and understanding of democracy, the benefits of a common coherent curriculum, and other issues affecting children and education here and abroad. Total circulation, as of our most recent issue, is over 900,000.

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